A Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) is a software application used mainly by quality control laboratories to control lots of manufactured products during any step of the manufacturing.
An Electronic Lab Notebook (ELN) is an electronic version of a paper lab notebook with many more features than just a paper notebook. It is generally used for the documentation of protocols, experiments and procedures performed in R&D.
A Laboratory Execution System (LES) is a software application using workflows taking the analyst through testing procedures step by step and ensuring work instructions are being followed.
An Electronic Batch Record system (EBR) is an application used to provide documentational evidence that a manufacturer has followed step by step procedures and entered required information throughout the entire production life cycle of a batch.
A Scientific Data Management System (SDMS) is software used for data management of structured and unstructured scientific data captured from laboratory applications such as LIMS and ELN as well as laboratory instruments.